Language


The majority of the law manuscripts are written in Welsh, and the Welsh language developed a complex technical legal vocabulary from an early stage. In the case of the Latin manuscripts, which may have originated as translations of Welsh texts, the Welsh terms are often left within the Latin texts and there are extensive sections in Welsh in the Latin manuscripts.
(c)Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru

(c)Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru



Binchy, D. A., ‘Some Celtic Legal Terms’, Celtica 3 (1956), 221-231.

Binchy, D. A., ‘The Linguistic and Historical Value of the Irish Law Tracts’, in Celtic Law Papers (Brussels, 1973), 71-107.

Binchy, D. A., ‘Linguistic and Legal Archaisms in the Celtic Law-Books’, in Celtic Law Papers (Brussels, 1973), 109-120.

Charles-Edwards, T. M., ‘Edryd, edryf, edfryd, edrydd’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 23 (1968-70), 117-20.

Charles-Edwards, T. M., ‘Welsh diffoddi, difa and Irish do-bádi and do-ba’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 23 (1968-70), 210–13.

Charles-Edwards, T. M., ‘Some Celtic Kinship Terms’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 24 (1970-72), 105–22.

Charles-Edwards, T. M., ‘Nei, keifn, and kefynderw’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 25 (1972-4), 386–8.

Charles-Edwards, T. M., and N. J. A. Williams, ‘The Etymologies of diffoddi and differaf/diffryt’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 23 (1968-70), 213-217.

Edwards, J. Goronwy, ‘The Language of the Law Courts in Wales: Some Historical Queries’, Cambridge Law Review 6 (1975), 5-9.

Ellis, T. P., ‘Legal References, Terms and Conceptions in the ‘Mabinogion’’, Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (1928), 85-148.
(c)Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru

(c)Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru


Evans, J. Gwenogvryn, ‘Taliesin’, Y Cymmrodor 34 (1924), 76-7.

Falileyev, A., ‘Old Welsh y diruy hay camcul and some problems related to Middle Welsh legal terminology’, Celtica 24 (2003), 121-28.

Ford, P. K., and E. P. Hamp, ‘Welsh Asswynaw and Celtic Legal Idiom’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 26 (1974-6), 147-160.

Hamp, E. P., ‘gwaesaf’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 40 (1993), 119.

Harris, M., ‘Dychwelyd at Gyfeiriadau, Termau a Chysyniadau Cyfreithiol yn y Mabinogi’, Y Traethodydd 158 (2003), 17-39.

Jenkins, D., ‘distain’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 22 (1966-68), 127-8.

Jenkins, D., ‘nythod: nisi: llamysten’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 22 (1966-68), 128.

Jenkins, D., ‘cestyll: castra: lluestau’ Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 22 (1966-68), 128-9.

Jenkins, D., ‘Kings, Lords, and Princes: The Nomenclature of Authority in Thirteenth-Century Wales’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 26 (1974-76), 451-462.

Jenkins, D., ‘Cynghellor and Chancellor’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 27 (1976-78), 115-118.

Jenkins, D., ‘Said : Gwrmsaid, Gwynsaid; Yslipanu’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 35 (1988), 55-61.

Jenkins, D., ‘Gwalch: Welsh’, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 19 (1990), 53-67.

Jenkins, D., ‘Borrowings in the Welsh Lawbooks’, in P. Brand, K. Costello and W. N. Osborough (eds.), Adventures of the Law: Proceedings of the Sixteenth British Legal History Conference (Dublin, 2003), 19-39.

Jones, J. Lloyd, ‘Gweilydd’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 11 (1941-44), 37-38.

Lewis, T. Glossary of Medieval Welsh Law (Manchester, 1913).

Owen, M. E., ‘Functional Prose: Religion, Science, Grammar, Law’, in A. O. H. Jarman and G. R. Hughes (ed.), A Guide to Welsh Literature Vol. 1 (Cardiff, 1992), 248-276.

Parry-Williams, T. H., ‘The Language of the Laws of Hywel Dda’, Aberystwyth Studies X: The Hywel Dda Millenary Volume (1928), 129-150.

Williams, I., ‘hin, amhiniog, cynnor, cyfrdy’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 2 (1923-25), 303-9.

Williams, I., ‘Englynion y Clyweit’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 3 (1926-27), 7-8.

Williams, I., ‘mechdeyrn’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 10 (1939-41), 39-41.

Williams, I., ‘costawg’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 11 (1941-44), 81-2.

      




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