Development and external influence
Whilst the laws are seen to reflect society in medieval Wales, there is evidence for development within the texts themselves as well as outside of the law texts. Following the conquest of Wales in 1282, the Statute of Rhuddlan abolished Welsh law in criminal cases, but it seems that Cyfraith Hywel continued, at least in a piecemeal fashion, until the Acts of Union of 1536. In addition, there was much influence on Welsh law from England and also from Ireland in the earlier period, and from canon law.
Bieler, L., ‘Towards an Interpretation of the So-Called “Canones Wallici”’, in J. A. Watt, J. B. Morrall and F. X. Martin (eds.), Medieval Studies Presented to A. Gwynn (Dublin, 1961), 387-392.
Brand, P., ‘An English Legal Historian Looks at the Statute of Wales’, in T. G. Watkin (ed.), Y Cyfraniad Cymreig: Welsh Contributions to Legal Development (Welsh Legal History Society, Cardiff, 2005), 20-56.
Brynmor-Jones, D., ‘The Brehon Laws and their Relation to the Ancient Welsh Institutes’, Transactions of the Honourable Society of the Cymmrodorion (1904), 7-36.
Brynmor-Jones, D., ‘Foreign Elements in Welsh Law’, Transactions of the Honourable Society of the Cymmrodorion (1916-17) 1-51.
Charles-Edwards, T. M., The Early Medieval Gaelic Lawyer, (Quiggin Pamphlets on the Sources of Mediaeval Gaelic History, 4, Cambridge, 1999).
Davies, D. S., ‘Welsh Makers of English Law’, in T. G. Watkin (ed.), YCyfraniad Cymreig: Welsh Contributions to Legal Development (Welsh Legal History Society, Cardiff, 2005), 1-19.
Davies, R. R., ‘The Twilight of Welsh Law 1284-1536’, History 51 (1966), 143-164.
Davies, R. R., ‘The Survival of the Blood Feud in Medieval Wales’, History 54 (1969), 338-357.
Davies, R. R., ‘The Law of the March’, Welsh History Review 5 (1970), 1-30.
Elias, G. A., ‘Llawysgrif Peniarth 164 a Pharhad Cyfraith Hywel yn yr Oesoedd Canol Diweddar’, Llên Cymru 33 (2010), 32-50.
Haddan, A. W., and Stubbs, W., (eds.), Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents Relating to Great Britain and Ireland (3 Vols, London, 1869-71).
Ifans, D., William Salesbury and the Welsh Laws (Pamffledi Cyfraith Hywel, Aberystwyth, 1980).
James, C., ‘Tradition and Innovation in some Later Medieval Welsh Lawbooks’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 40 (1993), 148-156.
James, C., ‘Ban Wedy i Dynny: Medieval Welsh Law and Early Protestant Propaganda’, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 27 (1994), 61-86.
James, C., ‘Parhad, Pragmatiaeth, Propaganda: Llawysgrifau Cyfraith Hywel yn yr Oesoedd Canol Diweddar’, Cof Cenedl 22 (2007), 33-36.
Jenkins, D., ‘Legal and Comparative Aspects of the Welsh Laws’, Welsh History Review Special Number: The Welsh Laws (1963), 51-59.
Jenkins, D., ‘The Date of the ‘Act of Union’’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 23 (1968-70), 345-346.
Jenkins, D., ‘Towards the Jury in Medieval Wales’ in J. W. Cairns and G. McLeod (ed.), The Dearest Birth Right of the People of England: The Jury in the History of the Common Law (Oxford, 2002), 17-46.
Jenkins, D., ‘Borrowings in the Welsh Lawbooks’, in P. Brand, K. Costello and W. N. Osborough (eds.), Adventures of the Law: Proceedings of the Sixteenth British Legal History Conference (Dublin, 2003), 19-39.
Jones Pierce, T., ‘The Law of Wales – the Last Phase’, in J. B. Smith (ed.), Medieval Welsh Society: Selected Essays by T. Jones Pierce (Cardiff, 1972), 369-389.
Kelly, F., ‘An Old Irish Text on Court Procedure’, Peritia 5 (1986), 74-106.
Levi, T. A., ‘The Laws of Hywel Dda in the Light of Roman and Early English Law’, Aberystwyth Studies X: The Hywel Dda Millenary Volume (1928), 5-64.
MacNeill, E., ‘Ireland and Wales in the History of Jurisprudence’, in Celtic Law Papers (Brussels, 1973), 171-192.
Pryce, H., ‘Early Irish Canons and Medieval Welsh Law’, Peritia 5 (1986), 107-127.
Pryce, H., ‘Welsh Custom and Canon Law, 1150-1300’ in K. Pennington, S. Chowdrow and K. H. Kendall (eds.), Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law (Vatican City, 2001), 781-97.
Click for a larger image
Roberts, S. E., ‘Legal Practice in Fifteenth-Century Brycheiniog’, Studia Celtica 35 (2001), 307-323.
Roberts, S. E., ‘‘By the Authority of the Devil’: The Operation of Welsh and English Law in Medieval Wales’, in S. Meecham-Jones and R. Kennedy (eds.), Authority and Subjugation in the Writing of Medieval Wales (New York, 2008), 85-97.
Smith, J. Beverley, ‘England and Wales: The Conflict of Laws’, in M. Prestwich, R. H. Britnall and R. Frame (eds.), Thirteenth Century England VII: Proceedings of the Durham Conference 1997 (Woodbridge, 1999).
Smith, Ll. Beverley, ‘The Gage and the Land Market in Late-Medieval Wales’, The Economic History Review 29], no. 2 (1976), 537-550.
Smith, Ll. Beverley, ‘Tir Prid: Deeds of Gage of Land in Late-Medieval Wales’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 27 (1976-78), 263-277.
Smith, Ll. Beverley, ‘The Statute of Wales, 1284’, Welsh History Review 10 (1980), 127-154.
Smith, Ll. Beverley, ‘‘Cannwyll Dibwyll a Dosbarth’: Gwŷr Cyfraith Ceredigion Yn Yr Oesoedd Canol Diweddar’, Ceredigion 10 (1986), 229-253.
Stacey, R. Chapman., ‘Law and Literature in Ireland and Wales’ in H. Fulton (ed.), Literature and Society in the Celtic Lands (Dublin, 2005).
Thurneysen, R., ‘Celtic Law’, in Celtic Law Papers (Brussels, 1973), 49-70.
Walters, D. B., The Comparative Legal Method (Pamffledi Cyfraith Hywel, Aberystwyth, 1980).
Watkin, M., ‘The French Linguistic Influence in Mediaeval Wales’, Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (1918-1919), 146-222.
Watkin, M., ‘The Black Book of Chirk and the Orthographia Gallica Anglicana’, National Library of Wales Journal 14 (1965-66), 351-60.
Wiliam, A. Rh., ‘Y Deddfgronau Cymraeg’, National Library of Wales Journal 8 (1953), 97-103.